November 9, 1887: By ratification of a the Reciprocity Treaty of 1875, the United States takes possession of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii from King Kalākaua of the Hawaiian Kingdom. With the intention of having a permanent presence in the Pacific, the U.S. Senate gives the Navy exclusive rights to set up operations on the island and by November 1899, Naval Station Honolulu is established. The Naval Station allowed the Navy to explore territorial outposts and survey the waterways to Midway and Guam.
Forty-two years later on December 7, 1941, the Japanese Navy attached the U.S. Navy base. Six Japanese carriers launched two waves of attacks on the island base. The first consisted of 183 aircraft composed of boomers and fighter planes. The second waive consisting of 170 aircraft were mostly torpedo bombers. The attack sunk nine ships of the U.S. fleet and severely damaged twenty-one, in all 2,362 servicemen and 68 civilians were killed with 1,178 wounded.
In January 1964 the active Navy base was designated as a National Historic Landmark containing several Landmarks associated with the attack on Pearl Harbor, including the Battleship USS Arizona, the Submarine USS Bowfin , and the Battleship USS Utah.